Before Columbus crossed the Atlantic, the Aztecs and Mayans ruled the land which would become Mexico. The influence of Mexico's native civilizations can still be experienced today by sampling a dish of authentic Mexican food by paying a visit to Chichen-Itza, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Mexico has become the new home to many Americans, Canadians, and Brits, as they are choosing to retire to warmer climates. It is estimated there are over one million Americans that now call Mexico home. The Mexican economy continues to grow since the creation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
There is a wide range of teaching jobs in Mexico and an equally wide range of paychecks and perks offered to English teachers working in the country. Many schools will offer their English teachers accommodations, but some will not. Even if a school does not provide their teachers with housing, they will often assist in the search of an apartment. English teachers working in Mexico will find that rent is generally cheaper than home, but utility bills can often be more expensive. English teachers can expect to pay for electricity, water, and other monthly utility costs. In some areas, finding an apartment can be as simple as taking a look in a local English newspaper; however, in more popular areas, it may be almost impossible. Teachers may want to consider sharing accommodations; this is a great way to save some money. The size of a Mexican apartment is usually a lot smaller than that of an American apartment. Furnished apartments may be a good option for English teachers because they eliminate the need to ship items from home or purchase new ones.
There are some schools that do offer to cover some or all of their teacher's airfare, but these job offers are rare and it is more likely that new ESL teachers will be paying for their own airfare. One advantage to teaching in Mexico compared to other popular ESL markets is the fact that an airplane ticket to Mexico will be much cheaper than one to Europe or Asia. The Internet is usually the best way to get a good price on an airplane ticket. Another option is to speak to a travel agent specializing in Mexican travel.
Land Travel to Mexico
Mexico is one of the few ESL destinations that English teachers can travel to by land. Driving and riding the bus are travel options for many ESL teachers if time is not an issue. There are more than 40 different commercial border crossings between Mexico and the United States. English teachers entering Mexico must present a valid passport, or a piece of government issued ID (driver's license).
It is recommended that all ESL teachers who want to drive in Mexico purchase local auto insurance. It is now mandatory for drivers to have third party automobile liability insurance, and problems will result if there is an accident, as Mexican authorities will not view foreign policies as valid auto insurance. Although the laws are a little more lax than in the past, being in a car accident while in Mexico is technically an illegal act. There have been people jailed and criminally charged after being in an accident. Having Mexican auto insurance will decrease the likelihood of legal consequences occurring after an accident.
Mexico does not have any agreements with other nations exchanging health benefits for their citizens. ESL teachers are not entitled to use the Mexican public health system, therefore it is highly recommended to purchase private health insurance before leaving home.
Alternatively, Mexico has a plethora of insurance companies that, for a monthly premium, will also provide you with private health coverage. In addition, Mexico's Banks offer health insurance products as part of their service portfolios, although you should check the small print for any limitations.
Some ESL teachers decide to pay out-of-pocket for any medical expenses, which are usually cheaper than American treatments. This is an option, as many medical issues can be solved for a relatively small amount of money but it is still better to have insurance. There have been some ESL teachers who have assumed that the medical coverage they already own will protect them during their time in Mexico, only to find out that their policy is not valid. Half of all Mexicans also live with no health insurance, causing the death rates from prolonged exposure to poor air quality to rise, particularly in urban areas. Mexico City is well known for its difficulties with pollution; therefore, any ESL teachers considering Mexico would do well to ensure they have full health insurance coverage.
There is no mandatory retirement age for Mexican workers, but the typical age when people start to receive their pensions is 65. Early retirement can be taken at the age of 60. While being a member of the workforce, Mexican workers put a portion of their paychecks in the pension system. ESL teachers are not expected to contribute to the Mexican pension plan.
Technology and Advancement
The nation of Mexico is not noticed by many technology enthusiasts. ESL teachers working in most urban areas of Mexico will have access to many of the modern technologies they have at home, such as DSL Internet, digital television, cell phone service, DVD rentals, and other services. It should be noted that access to these services is sometimes fairly expensive and can be draining on a teacher's bank account. Internet can be accessed at home by subscribing to an online service provider. Urban areas usually have Internet cafes which allow ESL teachers the ability to go online at any time.
Mexico is home to the world's largest single-dish steerable millimetre-wavelength telescope, the Gran Telescopio Milimetrico (Large Millimetre Telescope). The telescope sits atop an inactive volcano, one of Mexico's highest peaks, picking up data that other devices are not able to gain. This could be a great place to visit while teaching in Mexico and could potentially be an interesting place to bring students.
Transportation in Mexico
The goal of the Mexican transportation system is to provide citizens with reliable and convenient transportation for a very affordable price. The primary way to get around Mexico is on buses, which are known for being very large; sometimes the size of a subway train.
Teachers driving in Mexico will likely be impressed with the 158,180 km of paved highways and the relatively easy process of getting a Mexican driver's license. American and Canadian vehicle insurance is not valid in Mexico, so drivers will need to purchase Mexican insurance at the border.
Mexican commuters may also use trains both above and under ground to get around.
Riding in a taxi is one of the easiest ways to get around in a Mexican city. The final cost of riding a taxi is determined by the distance traveled and baggage handled; the tip is included in the total. Public taxi cars are regulated: they are white with a red stripe or gold and red, they must have four doors, and usually the front seat of the car is removed. They can be found at a taxi rank. These cabs charge a flat fee when a customer gets into a car and then charge per kilometer.
English teachers should be aware of private taxis posing as public cabs. A common sign of an illegal taxi is a brown-colored license, as this is the type of plate a private vehicle would have. It is recommended that English teachers try to avoid these cars due to the fact that they are unregulated and the drivers are unlikely to speak any form of English.
If money is not a concern, the best way to travel around is by hiring a luxury private taxi. One of the most expensive rides in Mexico, a licensed private taxi driver can usually be found around luxury hotels.
In 1848, Mexico was the first Latin American nation to develop its own railway system with the creation of a rail line joining Veracruz to Mexico City. The Mexican railway system can take English teachers to various cities across Mexico for an affordable price. In addition to carrying passengers, most rail traffic is generated by the carrying of goods across the Mexican landscape and abroad. A large portion of the Mexican railroad is owned and operated by Kansas City Southern de Mexico (KCSM). Rates vary depending on the length of a commute; in-city train rides typically cost around $15 MXN .
The Ferrocarril Suburbano de la Zona Metropolitana de Mexico (Suburban Railway of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area), Mexico's first subway, was opened for business on June 1, 2008. English teachers can ride the whole length of the new subway system for $5 MXN. English teachers should be aware that metro cars in Mexico City are often crowded with commuters. The system is one of the busiest metros in the world, with almost one and a half billion commuters a year.
The bus is an excellent way to get around a Mexican city or to travel long distances. There are many long distance bus companies that are able to offer rides to customers. English teachers traveling to a Mexican city have the option of purchasing a ticket on a bus that does not make stops along the route for a higher price tag. A luxury ticket will ensure that it takes less time to get to a destination; a great option for English teachers in a rush. ESL teachers can expect to pay from $1 MXN per kilometre for long distance bus trips, with prices increasing about 20% for 1st class seats and deluxe buses costing an additional 20% above 1st class.
While in the city, English teachers can choose between various types of buses. Some people have converted vans and school buses which they use to give people rides around town. These buses are usually very inexpensive but do not have a set schedule. It is often hard to find a bus when living outside a popular area of the city. Teachers can also get rides on luxury buses which offer comforts like air conditioning, limited stops, and comfortable seating. Tracking down a bus is achieved by walking on the street and sticking an arm out as a bus approaches. Often luxury buses will not stop with this method. It is best to call the bus company ahead of time if looking for a luxury ticket.
Other Modes of Transportation
With the heavy traffic, riding a bike in a large Mexican city will require strict attention, but it is an excellent mode of transportation and is good for the environment. This is an important factor if living in Mexico City because it is a member of the Large Cities Climate Leadership Group, and is committed to the decrease of carbon emissions.
While some may find driving in a Mexican city to be an exciting task, Mexican drivers are known for being aggressive and city streets are usually lined with traffic. A solution to the high amount of traffic in Mexico City was to make a law that a vehicle owner can only drive their vehicle on certain days of the week.
When crossing the American border into Mexico, visitors are required to purchase a Mexico Vehicle Permit. In order to get this permit, a teacher will need to present the vehicle's ownership and registration. If the vehicle does not belong to the driver, they will need to present a letter stating that the owner offers permission of the vehicle's usage, and offer a valid passport. American and Canadian driver's licenses are valid in Mexico.
Etiquette in Mexico
Understanding a nation's etiquette is a very important element in achieving career success and the ability to make new friends.
- Mexicans usually greet one another with a handshake or a pat on the back.
- Women should do their best not to be insulted if a Mexican man makes an inappropriate comment to her. Mexican men are sometimes known for having too much machismo.
- Do not use someone's first name until you have been asked to do so.
- Gift-giving plays a large role in Mexican culture.
- Mexicans are known for talking about personal lives during business meetings; be prepared to talk about family and background.
- Business people in Mexico are not known for staring at the clock. For the most part, time and deadlines are simply guidelines.
- It may be okay for others to be late for an appointment, but those new to Mexico should not be late.
- While conducting business, dress professionally, and conservatively.
- It will often take multiple meetings before an important business deal is struck. Many Mexicans will discourage the use of the phone or email in the communication process and will prefer meeting in person.
- Business cards are important in Mexico and are usually handed out in the early stages of a business conversation. It is recommended to feature both Spanish and English on business cards and ensure the Spanish text is facing the recipient.
Mexican Eating Etiquette
- When dining with a small group, it is up to the host to do the introductions. It is acceptable to offer introductions if there is a large group getting together.
- It is considered polite to leave some food on a plate after completing a meal.
- Try to keep hands visible to others at all times during a meal. It is rude to place hands underneath a table.
Language in Mexico
Spanish is the language spoken in Mexico.
Below are some commonly used Spanish words and phrases that will be useful during an ESL teacher's first days in Mexico:
Where's the bathroom?
Donde esta el bano?
Please write it down
Puede escribirlo, por favor?
My name is _____
Me llamo _____
How do you say _____ in Spanish?
Como se dice _____ en espanol?
Eating in Mexico
Many would be surprised to find out what common household ingredients stored in their pantries originate from Pre-Columbus Mexico. Food staples such as chocolate, maize, vanilla, and peanuts have been in the diets of the ancient Mexican peoples. It is fair to say that Mexico has left a fingerprint in the cuisine of most nations around the globe. Today's Mexican food is a hybrid between European Spanish cuisine and the food of the Mayan, Aztecs, and various other native peoples.
There are many different dishes for English teachers to sample. Northern regions of Mexico often consist of more meat-based dishes which feature a lot of beef and goat. Dishes from the central region of the country have a combination of flavors from both the North and South. The Southern regions of Mexico often incorporate a lot of chicken with spicy vegetables into their meals. Not to be forgotten, cities along the coast usually offer healthy helpings of seafood in their meals. In recent years, Mexican cuisine started to become a favorite of the international culinary arts scene and is highly regarded by some of the world's top chefs.
Some of Mexico's more popular dishes include:
- Tortilla - The staple of Mexican food is the tortilla. This corn-based flat bread outdates European explorers and has been enjoyed throughout modern Latin America. Tortillas can be made from corn or flour. Modern times have meant that tortillas are mostly produced in factories and shipped to grocery stores in Mexico and abroad. Adventurous teachers can find locals who still prefer to sell their tortillas made in the traditional fashion.
- Guacamole - One of Mexico's staple appetizers, guacamole, is a dip made of avocado used for corn chips and tortillas that has its origin traced back to the days of the Aztecs.
- Salsa - Salsa is served in red or green varieties and can be found on any Mexican restaurant's menu, as well as on the shelf of any supermarket around the world. The word "salsa" literally translates to the word "sauce". It comes in many varieties but always features tomatoes and various vegetables, herbs, and spices. The wide array of ingredients allows for salsa to be both mild and hot.
Climate in Mexico
Mexico is not only a popular destination for English teachers, but it is also one of the world's most popular tourism hot spots. Part of the reason why so many people travel to Mexico is to experience the nation's weather. The climate in Mexico is fairly diverse; winters in the North feature cooler temperatures, whereas the South is known for having tropical weather with little seasonal change. Many tourists make their way to Southern Mexico from October to May; these months are usually the less humid times of the year.
Natural Disasters in Mexico
The overall risk of natural disasters in Mexico is similar to many regions of North America. Mexico has experienced hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes. The 1985 Mexico City earthquake was arguably one of the worst quakes in North American history; it could even be felt by residents of Los Angeles. Building technology improved greatly in post-quake Mexico, structures have since been constructed to better outlast a major earthquake. Cities now also have disaster plans in case of another major quake.
Mexico City is surrounded by mountains on three sides of the city. These mountains treat citizens of the city to a nice view, but they also help make Mexico City one of the most polluted cities in the world. Much of the pollution generated by the 9 million inhabitants in the city core gets trapped by the surrounding mountains. There have been multiple environmental programs created to curb the issue since the '80s, but pollution is still a concern for many living in Mexico. English teachers should therefore be cautious of the effects of air pollution, especially in summer months.
National Holidays in Mexico
Mexicans are known as fun-loving people and this is displayed during Mexican holidays. Most holidays in Mexico result in celebrations which include tasty feasts and spending time with family and loved ones.
- January 1st - New Year's Day (Ano nuevo) is a holiday that celebrates the first day of the calendar year.
- January 6th - Day of the Holy Kings (Dia de los Santos Reyes) is a Christian holiday celebrating the arrival of the Three Wise Men.
- February 5th - Constitution Day (Dia de la Constitucion) celebrates the anniversary of the Mexican constitution in 1917.
- February 24th - Flag Day (Dia de la Bandera) is a day of pride for Mexicans, not only for their flag but for their national identity.
- March 21st - Benito Juarez's birthday (Natalicio de Benito Juarez) marks the birthday of Mexican President Benito Juarez, who was born on this day in 1806.
- April 30th - Children's Day (Dia del Nino) is, like many nations around the world, a holiday that serves as a day to pay tribute to the children of the country. Some also view this holiday as a religious event.
- May 1st - Labor Day (Dia del Trabajo) is a day set aside to recognize the accomplishments of Mexican workers.
- May 5th - Cinco de Mayo (Batalla de Puebla) commemorates the 1862 Mexican forces defeat of the French in a legendary battle in Puebla. The anniversary of this victory is celebrated nation-wide, but is only an official holiday in the state of Puebla.
- May 15th - Teacher's Day (Dia del Maestro) is when students across Mexico pay tribute to the nation's teachers through gifts, cards, and by giving thanks.
- May 23rd - Student's Day (Dia del estudiante) pays tribute to the nation's students.
- September 13th - Boy Heroes Day (Dia de los Ninos Heroes) marks the anniversary of an important battle in the War of Mexico that was fought against the United States. The holiday is entitled Boy Heroes as a tribute to the six teenage cadets who lost their lives during the battle.
- September 15th - Cry of Dolores (Grito de Dolores) is a day marked to pay tribute to Mexican independence. The holiday celebrates the night prior to Mexicans declaring a war for independence against the Spanish in 1810.
- September 16th - Independence Day (Dia de la Independencia) celebrates the anniversary of the first day of the Mexican War of Independence against the Spanish in 1810.
- Second Monday in October - Columbus Day (Dia de la Raza): Arguably, there is no other day as influential on Mexican history as the day Columbus discovered America in 1492. The Mexican people take this day to remember an important day in the nation's history.
- November 1st - All Saints' Day (Dia de todos los Santos) is a time when Mexicans traditionally honor loved ones who have passed away with candles, food, and other offerings.
- Third Monday of November - Revolution Day (Dia de la Revolucion) marks the anniversary of the Mexican Revolution in 1910.
- December 1st - Change of Federal Government (Transmision del Poder Ejecutivo Federal): every six years a new President of Mexico is sworn in on this holiday.
- December 12th - Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe (Dia de la Virgen de Guadalupe) is a religious holiday which celebrates the day Our Lady of Guadalupe (Mexican Virgin Mary) appeared on Tepeyac hill.
- December 12th to December 24th - The Inns (Las Posadas) when some Mexicans prepare for Christmas by celebrating Las Posadas, a biblical holiday that recalls the search that Joseph and Mary made for shelter in the story of the Nativity.
- December 24th - Christmas Eve (Nochebuena) is a night of celebration. Family and friends gather and sample foods such as tamales and break pinatas.
- December 25th - Christmas (Navidad)
- December 28th - Day of the Innocents (Dia de los Santos Inocentes) is much like the holiday of April Fools Day. Mexicans play jokes and pranks on one another.