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Teaching English in Italy

The Coliseum
Grand Canal
The Coliseum
Grand Canal

Map of Italy

See other ESL teaching opportunities in
Western Europe
How Much Can I Earn?
Monthly Salary:
800 - 2,000 EUR ?
910 - 2,270 USD
Private Tutoring per Hour:
15 - 30 EUR
20 - 30 USD
Income Tax Rate:
23 - 38%
Ability to Save per year:
What Are My Benefits?
Rarely included
Rarely included
Health Care:
Rarely included
Sometimes paid
What Will Teaching Be Like?
Teaching Hours:
18 - 30
Typical Contract Length:
One year or less
Typical Start Date:
Summer, September or January
Application Timeline:
3 - 6 months
What Do I Need?
Work Visa:
EU citizenship preferred
Education Requirements:
Bachelor's Degree
Oxford Seminars TESOL/TESL/TEFL Certificate
Additional Notes:
Summer camp positions available
Free PDF - Living In
Thank you for downloading.
What to Know About Living in Italy

Italy's diverse landscapes, culture, and history make teaching English there a popular choice for many ESL teachers.

The beauty of Venice, the history of Rome, and the shops of Milan make Italy a very desirable teaching destination. Teaching English in Italy is also a great way to experience Europe, with Switzerland, France, Austria, and Slovenia bordering the country to the north. Miles of coastline and several islands can be found in the southern region of the boot-shaped country, while mountain ranges - including the Alps and the Apennines - cover much of the country. This diverse geography makes Italy an interesting and attractive destination for ESL teachers.

It must be noted that securing an ESL teaching position in Italy without European Union (EU) citizenship can be very difficult. That said, despite the low salary and the visa-related difficulties, Italy is still a place to which many ESL teachers wish to travel.


ESL teachers should note that accommodations are not usually included in Italian ESL teaching contracts. Finding housing on your own can be very difficult and time consuming, especially in major cities. English teachers who do not speak Italian may require the assistance of their school while conducting an apartment search. Online advertisements and searching local newspapers are effective ways of researching accommodations, though another option is to place a small 'looking for' ad in the local newspaper with a description of a specific apartment. Due to the high demand in Italy, it is important to be very active in an accommodation search and to pursue potential leads as soon as they become available. Something else that ESL teachers should note is that an apartment listed as 'unfurnished' is literally empty, other than bathroom porcelain and possibly a kitchen sink. Items such as kitchen cupboards, appliances, light fixtures, curtains, and carpets will be absent from the apartment; however, it is possible to purchase these items from the previous tenant. A more suitable option for foreigners might be a 'semi-furnished' apartment, which includes cupboards, bathroom fixtures and a few pieces of furniture. Furnished properties are also available and are fully equipped with all the essentials, even pots and pans, bedding, and possibly towels. There is a diverse range of properties throughout the country, from tiny studio apartments to immense castles. It is important that ESL teachers give themselves sufficient time in their accommodation search and remain open to different possibilities.


Italy is an incredibly popular location for ESL teachers; as such, very few contracts will include paid airfare as most individuals are willing to travel to the country regardless of such perks. In addition, it is extremely difficult for non-EU citizens to secure a teaching position before arriving in Italy, which means they are not able to negotiate contract benefits prior to departure. Some employers may reimburse the cost of airfare after the contract is fulfilled, but teachers wanting to teach in Italy should not expect this to be the norm.

Health Benefits

Foreign residents who have secured an Italian identity card have obligatory public health insurance coverage by the national health service (Servizio Sanitario Nazionale, or SSN). A percentage of an employee's annual salary is contributed to this insurance, entitling them to medical assistance for lesser fees. However, there is also the private health insurance market, often very desirable to foreign teachers despite the higher costs. Teachers wanting additional medical coverage from their home country are encouraged to obtain this prior to moving to Italy.

Retirement Age

Italy's official minimum retirement age is currently at 65 for men and 60 for women, though it is anticipated to increase gradually up to 68 and 63, respectively, by 2050.

Technology and Advancement

Technologies in Italy are widely available, resulting in easy access to a variety of comforts. If Internet access is not obtainable at an ESL teacher's home, there are a few options for accessing it which are listed below:

- Rent or purchase a mobile phone with an Internet connection
- Purchase a pre-paid Internet card that can be used on most computers
- Visit an Internet cafe. ESL teachers should note that by law, public access Internet points are required to keep a record of all websites visited by customers and that a customer must present a valid ID before using the Internet. This law was put in place to avoid possible terrorist activities.

American Food

While Italians take a lot of pride in their national cuisine, American culture is affecting the way some Italians eat, particularly the younger generation. Large supermarket chains, such as Penny Market and METRO, offer familiar American brands to customers. In addition to supermarkets becoming "Americanized", fast-food chains are also finding their way into the country.

Transportation in Italy

Public Transportation


Traveling by taxi can be a very expensive mode of transportation. Fully-licensed taxis are mainly white or yellow and must have a meter. Fares include an initial fixed cost and the additional costs are calculated by mileage. All licensed taxis should have fares and extra fees listed inside the car. Extra charges will include a fee for each piece of luggage, for traveling on Sundays and holidays, and for going to and from the airport.

English teachers should know that hailing a taxi is almost impossible as it is illegal for a taxi to stop on the street if hailed; they should either go to a taxi station or call one by phone. However, the meter will start running from the time the taxi gets the call. English teachers would do well to ignore rides from private drivers who are usually waiting outside airports and train stations. These drivers charge a lot more, especially to foreigners. While tipping taxi drivers is not required, most passengers will round up to the nearest euro or two.


Buses are definitely the most popular mode of transportation for commuting within a city. They are fast, comfortable, frequent, and service all major routes (though beware that they can be held up in rush hour traffic). Foreigners wanting to travel by bus should know that tickets are purchased in advance and are validated by punching them in the machine found when entering the bus. Tickets can be purchased at the following locations:

- A tobacconist (tabacchi) - black or blue sign with a white "T"
- News stand
- Public counter of the bus operator
- Automatic ticket dispenser

Please note that routes and fares vary by city. For detailed information regarding bus services, contact the local information office of the city in question.

Train and Subway

The train is viewed as an alternative to bus travel and is definitely cheaper when compared to neighboring countries. The low-priced appeal makes traveling by train popular and very busy during rush hour. Like buses, train tickets must be purchased in advance and validated before boarding the train. The cost and speed of the train varies depending on the particular route. For example, the EuroStar Italia, operated by Trenitalia, is Italy's premier train that travels quickly between Italian cities, while the Diretto and Interregionali are cheaper and slower local trains. In addition to encompassing Italy, the rail systems allow commuters the ability to travel by rail to nearby nations such as France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and Vatican City.

When commuting within the city, most teachers will likely make use of the Italian metro system. Currently, there are subway systems in Rome, Naples, Milan, Genoa, Catania, Turin, Bologna, and Brescia. The metro in Rome is not as big as systems in other cities of its size and stature because of the risk that digging tunnel lines might compromise an archaeological site. Riding an Italian metro will cost around one euro.

Traveling by Boat in Venice

Stretching across numerous small islands and connected by approximately 400 bridges, Venice is one of the most unique cities in the world. English teachers wanting to live in Venice should know that the two major forms of transportation are by boat and foot. The waterbuses (vaporetti) are used for everyday travel and are less expensive than water taxis and gondolas. Water taxis in Italy are probably the most expensive in the world, but they are very fast and convenient. The gondola and traghetto are used for romantic tours or traveling down smaller canals, though they are not practical for everyday transportation and can be very expensive and slow. Venice sets official rates for gondola rides. Travelers still have to negotiate the length and rate of the ride, however; otherwise, gondoliers can charge an outrageous fee.

Similar to land taxis, hailing for a water taxi is almost impossible. Foreigners wanting to travel by water taxi must call to book them and, again, the meter will start once the taxi is dispatched.

Other Modes of Transportation

Other modes of transportation that are available for ESL teachers include:


ESL teachers will not see Italians bicycling in major cities. Bike lanes are usually nonexistent and traffic can be very intense during working hours. However, cycling is a major sport in Italy and foreigners will see Italians traveling around the countryside on the weekends. Purchasing a used bike is a good idea for those looking to save money.

Motor Vehicles

Foreigners wishing to purchase a motor vehicle must already possess their Italian identity card. Italian laws require vehicle owners to be registered residents. In addition, some Americans may view driving in Italy as chaotic given that the majority of people drive at high speeds. Gas prices are extremely high in Italy compared to North America, which makes owning a car expensive.

English teachers looking to rent a motor vehicle must obtain an International Driving Permit from their local national driving association and be at least 21 years of age. The International Driving Permit is valid for six months; those staying longer must obtain an Italian driver's license.


Traveling by air within Italy can be costly. English teachers are better off using rail or bus as they are more convenient and affordable methods of transportation. For those who are still interested in traveling by air, a few of the larger domestic airlines in Italy include: Air Dolomiti, Air One, Alitalia Express, and Meridiana fly.

Traveling internationally can be cheap if tickets are purchsed through a seat sale. In this way, foreigners interested in visiting places like France, Spain, Switzerland, or Austria may be able to find affordable rates.

Etiquette in Italy

Italy is full of unique customs and etiquette, so before departing for Italy, ESL teachers should take note of the following conventions. First impressions are of great significance in Italy and as such, it is important to demonstrate respect and politeness when greeting someone for the first time. It should also be noted that body language and eye contact reflect upon one's trustworthiness; therefore, ESL teachers should maintain eye contact in conversations and carry themselves in a courteous manner.

General Etiquette

- Greetings can be enthusiastic yet quite formal. A firm handshake with eye contact and a smile is usually sufficient when meeting strangers.
- Once a relationship develops, it is common for friends to greet one another with a kiss on both cheeks, starting with the left cheek.
- Many Italians use calling cards in social situations which contain a person's name, address, contact number, and title or academic credentials. They are slightly larger than business cards. Business cards could be useful to ESL teachers looking for a job or searching for clients for private English lessons. In this case it would be suggested to have an Italian translation on the back of the card.
- Italy has a high population of senior citizens and it is wise to be respectful, such as offering a seat on the bus.
- Italians prefer face-to-face contact; email and telephone are not as common for business communication.
- One should never wear sunglasses or a hat indoors or when interacting with another person as it is considered disrespectful.

Eating Etiquette

Italians place much importance on eating, not only as an essential activity, but also as a celebrated social event that brings family and loved ones together. Meals are often a prolonged activity and during holidays, many family feasts can last hours, if not for the entire day. The structure of a traditional Italian meal is often separated into several sections: the antipasto (appetizer of marinated vegetables, meats and cheeses), primo (first course, pasta or a rice dish), secondo (second course, a meat dish usually accompanied by the salad) and dolce (dessert). Here are a few things ESL teachers should know about Italian etiquette while eating out:

- Like other European countries, a traditional Italian breakfast usually consists of coffee with a pastry or a piece of bread with cold cuts or cheese.
- Lunch in Italy is normally the most important meal of the day, to the extent that businesses will close for a couple hours around midday.
- Service charges are included in the restaurant bill, so it is not customary to tip. Leaving change on the table is acceptable, but not necessary.
- It is polite to pick up cheese with a knife rather than with fingers.
- To get a waiter's attention, raise index finger and make eye contact.
- Italian restaurants are non-smoking, therefore do so only in a designated smoking area.
- If invited to a meal, bring a wrapped gift such as a vintage wine or chocolates.
- It is acceptable to be up to 15 minutes late if invited to dinner and up to 30 minutes late for a party.
- Stand until invited to sit down at the table. A designated seat may be offered.
- Always take small portions of food to begin with, as the host will typically persuade guests to have additional servings later.
- If no more wine is wanted, leave the wine glass nearly full.

Language in Italy

Italian, along with French, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian and Catalan, is considered a Romance language. While there are small pockets of German, French, and Greek-speaking communities throughout the country, Italian remains the dominant language. Having knowledge of other Romance languages will make the transition to Italian phrases a little less difficult and ease the initial culture shock.

Before leaving for Italy, ESL teachers should learn the following Italian phrases to help them as they settle in.

Hello, my name is______.
Ciao, il mio nome e ________.

Would you speak slower, please?
Parleresti piu lento, per favore?

Thank you.

Where is the bank?
Dove e la banca?

How much does this cost?
Quanto costa?

How do I get to______?
Per andare a/al/alla______?

Where do I get off?
Dove ottengo fuori?

I want to go to _______.
Voglio andare a/al/alla _______.

North, east, south, and west.
Nord, est, sud, e ovest.

These are just some of the basic Italian phrases English teachers may want to learn before arriving in Italy. They should be aware that rural areas tend to have fewer English traffic signs and maps compared to tourist locations like Rome.

Food In Italy

Italian Cuisine

Italian cuisine is one of the highlights of teaching English in Italy, since some very popular and delicious dishes have originated there. Much like its culture, Italian cuisine is highly dependent on the region. The dishes in Italy also vary in accordance to the produce that is in season as Italians enjoy working with the freshest of ingredients. ESL teachers will have a selection of sandwiches, pizza, pasta, and more. A typical Italian diet consists of plenty of pasta and vegetables; meat is rarely the focus of an Italian dish. Meals which feature meat as the main component of a dish are usually reserved for holidays.

Traditional Italian cuisine is known for having healthy quantities of fresh ingredients, generous amounts of olive oil, and for being cooked on the spot. Popular Italian cuisine among foreigners includes:

- Panzerotti - a smaller version of a calzone, made with softer dough and filled with traditional pizza toppings
- Piadinas - flat, folded bread with the filling served warm
- Risotto - a creamy and rich dish made with rice and combined with the local meat/fish
- Arancini - deep fried balls of rice filled with tomato sauce, peas or cheese
- Polenta - yellow corn meal that has been cooked with stock
- Gelato - this Italian version of ice cream comes in many flavors and has a lighter and smoother consistency. Gelato made without milk is known as sorbetto (sherbert)
- Tiramisu - translated, it means 'pick-me-up'. This Italian cake is made with coffee, mascarpone cheese, cookies, and cocoa powder on the top

To truly get a taste of Italian food and culture in the region, ESL teachers should browse the local outdoor markets (usually held on Saturdays).

Italian Drink

Italian wine is the most exported in the world, and great value is placed on a person's ability to distinguish which wine should accompany one's meal. Before traveling to Italy, it might be of use to research the local wines of the region. Waiters in restaurants are also available to make recommendations regarding the correct pairing of wine with food. Inebriation is viewed poorly among Italians as wine is mainly intended to enhance the taste of a meal; therefore, having only one or two glasses of wine is customary. Italian wine is another aspect of Italian culture that demonstrates the country's richness and diversity of regions.

Climate in Italy

The mountain ranges in Italy create a very diverse climate which English teachers will want to discover during their stay. The type of weather a teacher will encounter depends on the area in which they live. Inland cities experience a more humid climate, whereas the coastal locations are classified as being Mediterranean-type: mild winters with typically hot and dry summers. Similar to North America, Italy has four distinct seasons, however each season's length and intensity varies greatly by region.


Spring is a beautiful season in Italy as the blooming flowers, such as roses and poppies, enhance the splendor of the landscape. Temperatures are warm but not too hot, with little rain. Those living along the coastline will experience more precipitation.


Northern Italy experiences warm temperatures in the summer with occasional rainfall. The central region undergoes an intense humidity while the southern parts of the country endure a dry and hot summer. Italy is also quite crowded with tourists during the summer months due to many Europeans seeking warmer climates.


Autumn is similar to spring with relatively warm temperatures and a beautiful landscape that is enhanced with fall foliage. November may be the least enjoyable month, as the days are short and the weather is frequently rainy. Temperatures are slightly warmer along the coast and cooler inland.


Winter in Italy can be quite cold in the northern areas, while it remains milder in the south. Despite the cold temperatures, it is a popular time for winter sport enthusiasts as they can choose from the Northern Alps, the Dolomites, and the Apennine mountain range. The rest of the country is affected by rain.

Natural Disasters

There is a fault line running directly through the entire Italian Peninsula which results in the country experiencing minor and major earthquakes. Additionally, due to Italy's proximity to the boundary between the Eurasian Plate and the African Plate, it is considered a volcanically active country. There are three volcanoes in Italy: Mount Etna in Sicily; Stromboli on one of the Aeolian Islands; and Mount Vesuvius, located in Naples and the only active volcano in Europe.

Holidays in Italy

On national holidays in Italy, ESL teachers can expect that most offices will be closed. Museums generally open for shorter hours than usual on such days and public transportation may run on a limited service. Banks are sometimes open in the morning of a national holiday and closed in the afternoon (this may also apply to the day before the holiday). Below is a list of all of the national holidays in Italy. It is important for ESL teachers to prepare for holidays in advance by shopping early, planning transit routes, and by performing any banking.

- January 1st - New Year's Day (Capodanno)
One of three days when most museums and restaurants will be closed for the entire day.
- January 6th - The Epiphany (Epifania)
A Christian based holiday.
- The Monday following Easter Sunday - Easter Monday (Lunedi dell'Angelo or Pasquetta)
The conclusion of the Eastern weekend.
- April 25th - Liberation Day (Festa della Liberazione)
Celebrating the liberation of Italy from Nazi Germany in 1945.
- May 1st - Labor Day (Festa dei Lavoratori)
A day to celebrate the accomplishment of workers, this is the second national holiday that most museums and restaurants will be closed.
- June 2nd - Republic Day (Festa della Repubblica)
Anniversary of the founding of the Italian Republic.
- August 15th - Feast of the Assumption (Ferragosto or Assunta)
A religious holiday centered on celebrating the Virgin Mary.
- November 1st - All Saints Day (Tutti i Santi or Ognassanti)
A day to pay tribute to all Saints of the church collectively. It is also the day when many people in Italy visit the graves of loved ones with flowers and small gifts.
- December 8th - Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Immacolata Concezione or just Immacolata)
A Christian based holiday.
- December 25th - Christmas Day (Natale)
This is the third day of the year when you can expect museums and restaurants to be closed.
- December 26th - St. Stephen's Day (Santo Stefano)

Along with these national holidays, each town celebrates the feast day of its patron saint. Again, businesses and public services may be shut down for the day. ESL teachers should research which establishments will be open and which will be closed. Here are a few examples in major Italian cities:

- Rome: June 29 - Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
- Florence: June 24 - Feast of St. John the Baptist
- Venice: April 25 - Feast of St. Mark
- Naples: September 19 - Feast of St. Januarius

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Teaching English in Italy

Obtaining an English teaching position without EU citizenship will be a daunting task. Those few non-EU citizens who manage to find a job teaching ESL should be prepared for the fact that their salary will not stretch nearly as far as in other ESL markets.

Individuals can teach ESL in Italy through private language schools, universities and colleges, businesses, and freelance tutoring. Italian schools have two semesters; the first semester starts in September and the second in January. As in the United States, higher qualifications are needed for teachers seeking positions in universities or colleges.

Types of ESL Teaching Jobs in Italy

Public and Private School System

The school system in Italy is a mixture of public and private schools, with the school year running between September and June. Students attending public schools are divided into three age groups: primary school (scuola primaria or elementare), lower secondary (scuola secondaria di primo grado or scuola media), and upper secondary school (scuola secondaria di secondo grado or scuola superiore). Italian students are required to attend school until the age of 16, at which point they can continue their studies or join the workforce.

Classroom lessons and materials are delivered in Italian, so an understanding of the language is usually necessary for English teachers thinking of working in the public system. Most English teachers are more likely to find a job at a private school, such as an international school, than at a public school.

Private Language Schools

Private language school chains such as Berlitz typically hire a few months prior to the start of a new semester. Although some language schools operate year round, the main teaching season will be from September to June. However, peak hiring periods during one year may differ from the next year. Individuals interested in working for private language schools should contact them directly for exact details regarding the hiring process. For a list of the most common chain schools in Italy, please see the Largest Chain Schools in Italy section.

Universities and Colleges

Italian universities and colleges operate on the same timetable as public schools, hiring a few months before each semester begins. ESL instructors interested in teaching in a university or college should have a minimum of a Master's Degree and preferably some college teaching experience. Some universities and colleges also require ESL teachers to have basic fluency in Italian.

Freelance Tutoring

Freelance tutoring can be an extremely challenging way to find employment in Italy. That said, resourceful and determined ESL teachers can make it a career. Freelance tutoring will focus on teaching conversational English, which is one of the most popular forms of English instruction in Italy. Those wanting to freelance tutor must specialize in creating an individualized curriculum and individualized lesson plans tailored to student needs.

In-Company English Teacher

Some companies provide in-office English training. In-company teachers will be hired by Italian companies to help mainly with conversational English by focusing on proper pronunciation. Curricula are rarely provided so, again, in-company teachers should be prepared to create this based on company needs.

Hiring periods for in-company English teachers and freelance tutors vary depending on the supply and demand.

Jobs Teaching English in the Summer in Italy

Italy's school year is split into two semesters, making English summer camps very popular. Summer camps usually run from June until September, though duration and location can vary. Some employers will provide transportation, accommodation and meals; however, ESL teachers should not expect to have these benefits included. Again, many camps will only be able to hire English speaking EU nationals.

How to Find Jobs Teaching English in Italy

The majority of the newspapers in Italy contain job advertisements which can be accessed either in print form or online. The most widely circulated newspaper in Italy, Corriere della Serra, publishes a job insert on Fridays which claims to contain a diverse range of over 1,500 job postings. There are also specific newspapers containing information for job seekers such as Il Posto. The national newspaper, Il Sole 24 Ore, also publishes a weekly job supplement in their Monday newspaper for college graduates looking for their first job. The Internet is another large resource for job seekers. Keep in mind that Italian websites can be translated with tools such as Google Translate.

Other resources that may include ESL teaching jobs are:

- Oxford Seminars English Language Schools Directory
- The International Herald Tribune - http://www.iht.com/
- Wall Street Journal Europe - https://online.wsj.com/
- Wanted in Rome - http://www.wantedinrome.com/
- Dave's ESL Cafe - http://www.eslcafe.com/joblist/
- A detailed online guidebook on the city of Rome - https://www.aboutroma.com
- El Gazette (published monthly) - http://www.elgazette.com/
- Prospects-UK - http://www.prospects.ac.uk

Graduates of Oxford Seminars can access our Job Placement Service at any time to assist them in their ESL job search. Job Placement Advisors can provide valuable advice and resources to help prospective teachers make their search a successful one.

Largest Chain Schools in Italy

AISLi (Italian Association of English Language Schools)

The Italian Association of English Language Schools (AISLi) includes some of the most prestigious schools in Italy and has been providing English education since 1979. The company currently has over 40 branch schools in the country. AISLi schools are strongly regulated and generally offer a favourable working environment for their teachers. Teachers are often paid by the hour, so it is important to ensure that the contract guarantees a certain number of hours per week. Salaries may vary depending on performance and the boundaries established by AISLi. Preference for positions is often given to EU nationals.


Established in 1968, Inlingua is comprised of more than 300 branch schools in 40 countries worldwide, with over 55 of them located in Italy. Inlingua teachers can expect to make around 18.50 EUR per hour (gross). Preference for positions is often given to EU nationals.


With over 128 years of experience and 550 chain schools throughout 60 countries, Berlitz is well-established among English language centers. There are currently multiple schools throughout Rome and Milan which provide favorable working conditions for ESL teachers. Preference for positions is often given to EU nationals.

Additional ESL Resources to Help Teach English in Italy

There is an abundance of ESL resources available for teachers to help them in their lesson planning. The difficulty lies in finding suitable resources that meet specific needs. Some examples of teaching resources are listed below.

- Oxford Seminars ESL Teaching Resources
- Dave's ESL Cafe Cook Book - http://www.eslcafe.com/idea/index.cgi
- Transitions Abroad Teaching English in Italy - http://www.transitionsabroad.com/listings/work/esl/italy.shtml
- TeAchnology - http://www.teach-nology.com/teachers/lesson_plans/
- Discovery Education - https://school.discoveryeducation.com/
- Using English - https://www.usingenglish.com/
- Songs for Teaching - https://www.songsforteaching.com/esleflesol.htm
- The Internet TESL Journal - http://iteslj.org/

Tips for ESL Teachers in Italy

- In case of an emergency, dial 113 for police, 115 for the fire department, and 118 for medical rescue.
- Electrical outlets in Italy have a voltage of 230v which is higher than in North America (usually 120v). Electronics in Italy have plugs which feature two round pins. If a North American appliance can operate at dual voltages, then you will need to purchase a plug adapter (usually about 0.80 EUR at a local grocery store) to fit the electrical wall outlet. Appliances that do not have the option of switching between voltages will require a voltage converter. However, be warned that such converters may still cause overheating.
- Foreigners should always ask for a price before making any purchases from vendors to avoid being overcharged.
- Prices in restaurants double and sometimes triple when sitting down to eat as compared to taking an item to go. This is to cover the cost of service, dishes, utensils, etc.
- Bread is rarely served before a meal, as the main dishes take priority over filling up on bread alone. If bread is available, it is not free and is mainly accompanied by oil, not butter.

Visa Requirements for Americans in Italy


A long stay visa (type D) is required of anyone traveling to Italy and planning to stay for longer than 90 days. This is also the initial visa one would obtain if traveling to Italy to work, with this reason clearly indicated on the application form. When applying for the long stay visa, a teacher will need to submit the following documentation in person at an Italian consulate. (As visa guidelines can change without notice, applicants should confirm these requirements with their local consulate.)

- Completed visa application form
- A passport that will be valid for at least three months after the visa expiration date
- Passport-sized photo
- Proof of residency in the jurisdiction of the consulate
- Visa application fees

Residence permit

A residence permit (permesso di soggiorno) is required of those staying in Italy longer than 90 days. Within eight days of arrival in the country, the ESL teacher must report to the local police station in the town of residence and apply for the necessary permit.

Work permit

Americans wanting to teach English in Italy may qualify for a work permit under two sub-categories: self-employment (lavoro autonomo) or employment by another company (lavoro subordinato). Teachers should note that there is a yearly quota on the number of self-employment permits granted and specific application periods that must be followed.

It is very difficult for a non-EU citizen to secure a position through an Italian employer as the employer must prove that the employee is an expert in their field and that they are not taking the position away from a qualified EU citizen. Most employers are not willing to go through the extensive paperwork in order to submit a work permit (permesso di lavoro) application. The process is also very lengthy as it takes time to send the application forms to the necessary bureaus in Italy and then back to the Italian consulate in the teacher's home jurisdiction.

To learn more about the visa/permit requirements for Italy, visit the Ministry of Foreign Affairs visa page at https://www.esteri.it/mae/en/.

Embassy and Consulate Information

American Embassy and Consulate Offices in Italy

United States Embassy in Rome
via Vittorio Veneto, 121
00187 Roma, Italy
Phone: 39 06 46741 (main switchboard)
Website: http://italy.usembassy.gov/

Consulate General of the United States in Milan
via Principe Amedeo 2/10
20121 Milano, Italy
Phone: 39 02 2903 51
Fax: 39 02 2900 1165
Email: uscitizensmilan@state.gov
Website: http://milan.usconsulate.gov/

Consulate General of the United States in Florence
Lungarno Vespucci, 38
50123 Firenze, Italy
Phone: 39 055 266 951
Website: http://florence.usconsulate.gov

Consulate General of the United States in Naples

Piazza della Repubblica
80122 Napoli, Italy
Phone: 39 081 583 8111
Website: http://naples.usconsulate.gov/

Consular Agency in Genoa
via Dante 2
16121 Genova, Italy
Phone: 39 010 584 492
Fax: 39 010 5533 033
Email: uscitizensgenoa@state.gov

Consular Agency in Palermo
via Vaccarini, 1
90143 Palermo, Italy
Phone: 39 091 305 857
Fax: 39 091 625 6026
Email: uscitizenspalermo@state.gov

Consular Agency in Venice
Venice Marco Polo Airport - General Aviation Terminal
viale Galileo Galilei, 30
30030 Tessera (VE)
Phone: 39 041 541 5944
Fax: 39 041 541 6654
Email: USCitizensVenice@state.gov

Canadian Embassy and Consulate Offices in Italy

Embassy of Canada in Rome
Via Zara 30
00198 Rome, Italy
Phone: 39 06 85444 3937
Fax: 39 06 85444 2905
Email: romevisa@international.gc.ca
Website: www.italia.gc.ca

Consulate of Canada to Malta in Valletta
Demajo House
103 Archbishop Street
Valletta VLT 09, Malta
Phone: 356 2552 3233
Fax: 356 2552 3232
Email: canhcon@demajo.com

Consulate of Canada in Udine
4, Via Elio Monpurgo
33100 Udine (UD), Italy
39 0432 229709

Fax: 39 06 85444 2912
Email: consul.canada.udine@gmail.com

British Embassy and Consulate Offices in Italy

British Embassy in Rome
Via XX Settembre 80a
I-00187 Roma RM
Phone: 39 06 4220 0001
Email: info.consulate@fco.gov.uk
Website: http://ukinitaly.fco.gov.uk/en

British Consulate in Milan
Via S. Paolo, 7
20121 Milano MI
City: Milan
Phone: 39 02 723 001
Fax: 39 02 864 65081
Email: info.consulate@fco.gov.uk

British Honourary Consulate in Bari
Via Dalmazia, 127
70121 Bari BA
City: Bari
Phone: 39 080 5543 668
Fax: 39 080 5542 977
Email: gavan@tin.it

Australian Embassy and Consulate Offices in Italy

Australian Embassy in Rome
Via Antonio Bosio 5
00161 Rome, Italy
Phone: 39 06 8527 21
Fax: 39 06 8527 2300
Email: info-rome@dfat.gov.au
Website: http://www.italy.embassy.gov.au/

Australian Consulate General in Milan
Via Borgogna, 2 (third floor)
20122 Milan, Italy
Phone: 39 02 7767 4200
Fax: 39 02 7767 4242
Email: Australian-Consulate-General-Milan@austrade.gov.au

Honorary Consul in the Veneto Region
Via Brandolini, 29
31030 Cison di Valmarino, Italy
Phone: 39 0438 9761
Fax: 39 0438 976000
Email: mc@castelbrando.it

Embassy and Consulate Information Outside Italy

Embassy of Italy in Washington DC
3000 Whitehaven Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20008
Phone: (202) 612 4400
Fax: (202) 518 2154
Email: washington@esteri.it
Website: http://www.ambwashingtondc.esteri.it/
Consulate general offices are located in major cities and offer full services including consular services. Honorary consulates offer a limited range of services. A full list of Italian consulates in the United States can be found at:http://www.ambwashingtondc.esteri.it/Ambasciata_Washington/Menu/Informazioni_e_servizi/La_rete_consolare/

Embassy of Italy in Ottawa
275 Slater Street, 21st Floor
Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5H9
Phone: (613) 232 2401
Fax: (613) 233 1484
Email: ambasciata.ottawa@esteri.it
Website: http://www.ambottawa.esteri.it/
Consulate general offices are located in major cities and offer full services including consular services. Honorary consulates offer a limited range of services. A full list of Italian consulates in Canada can be found at:http://www.ambottawa.esteri.it/Ambasciata_Ottawa/Menu/Ambasciata/La_rete_consolare/
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Italy: A Financial Snapshot

Living costs in Italy do vary between large cities - such as Rome, Milan, and Venice - and smaller towns and villages. Monthly salaries for ESL teachers in Italy range between 800 - 2,200 EUR.

Expected Apartment Costs

Various factors influence the cost of housing in Italy, including city, neighborhood, and size of apartment. Since employers rarely provide subsidized or fully paid living arrangements, ESL teachers should be prepared to pay for rent. Be aware that Rome, Milan, Florence, and Venice have restrictive rental rates. The cost of rent in Italy can range from 300 - 900 EUR per month for a studio apartment and from 450 - 1,100 EUR for a one bedroom in a new or renovated property. With ESL teachers typically earning 900 - 2,000 EUR monthly, additional savings may be needed to cover rent and other living expenses. Along with rental fees, apartment tenants are required to have compulsory insurance and pay for any service charges, which usually include items such as heat, hot water, garbage removal, maintenance of the landscape, communal lighting, and repairs. These charges can range from 20 - 200 EUR or more per month, depending on the age of the building. ESL teachers should find out if the rent is inclusive of the service charges and if the previous tenant is up to date on their payments to ensure they will not be held responsible for the outstanding costs. Other utilities such as gas, electricity, and water are usually paid separately by the tenant.

Banking in Italy

ESL teachers should know that banks are only open from Monday to Friday, 8-8:30am to 1-1:30pm and again from 2:30-3pm until 4-4:30pm. Banks in major cities may have a branch open Saturdays during the morning. It should also be noted that hours may be reduced to the morning only on the day before a public holiday. Booths at major airports and railways will be open longer hours for changing money if needed. Italian establishments accept various forms of payment; however, it is recommended that foreigners carry some cash, as not all establishments accept credit cards. ATMs in Italy are known as bancomats and are located throughout major cities in shops, train stations and other high traffic areas. ESL teachers typically have 24-hour ATM access with their Italian bank accounts.

Food Costs in Italy

The following list provides English teachers with examples of the cost of food in Italy. These costs can be compared to typical American grocery stores.

- Average restaurant meal - 15 - 50 EUR
- 1 L of milk - 1.22 EUR
- Loaf of Bread - 1.52 EUR
- 1kg of Chicken Breasts - 7.80 EUR
- Cappuccino - 1.32 EUR
- 0.33 L of water - 1.05 EUR